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What is IPM?
Many definitions of IPM have been proposed. These definitions all share a similar theme:

Integrated pest management is an effective, environmentally friendly approach to pest management that relies on a combination of commonsense practices.



DEFINITIONS OF IPM
Massachusetts IPM Council Massachusetts State Legislature
EPA BIRC (Bio-Integral Resource Center)
USDA ERS Cornell Cooperative Extension

RESOURCES & TOOLS
Why School IPM?

MASSACHUSETTS IPM COUNCIL'S DEFINITION OF IPM
IPM is a systematic strategy for managing pests which considers prevention, avoidance, monitoring and suppression. Where chemical pesticides are necessary, a preference is given to materials and methods which maximize public safety and reduce environmental risk.

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MASSACHUSETTS STATE LEGISLATURE'S DEFINITION OF IPM
A comprehensive strategy of pest control whose major objective is to achieve desired levels of pest control in an environmentally responsible manner by combining multiple pest control measures to reduce the need for reliance on chemical pesticides; more specifically, a combination of pest controls which addresses conditions that support pests and may include, but is not limited to, the use of monitoring techniques to determine immediate and ongoing need for pest control, increased sanitation, physical barrier methods, the use of natural pest enemies and a judicious use of lowest risk pesticides when necessary.

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EPA DEFINITION OF IPM
IPM is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of commonsense practices. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interactions with the environment. This information, in combination with available pest control methods, is used to manage pest damage by the most economical means, and with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the environment. IPM programs take advantage of all pest management options possibly including, but not limited to, the judicious use of pesticides.

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BIRC DEFINITION OF IPM
Integrated pest management, or IPM, is an approach to pest control that utilizes regular monitoring to determine if and when treatments are needed and employs physical, mechanical, cultural, biological, and educational tactics to keep pest numbers low enough to prevent unacceptable damage or annoyance.

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USDA ERS DEFINITION OF IPM
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a sustainable approach to managing pests by combining biological, cultural, physical and chemical tools in a way that minimizes economic, health and environmental risks.

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CORNELL COOPERATIVE EXTENSION DEFINITION OF IPM
A systematic approach to managing pests which focuses on long-term prevention or suppression with minimal impact on human health, the environment and nontarget organisms. IPM incorporates all reasonable measures to prevent pest problems by properly identifying pests, monitoring population dynamics, and utilizing cultural, physical, biological or chemical pest population management methods to reduce pests to acceptable levels.

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